Published:  2016

Design and Implementation of a Portable Impedance Cardiography System for Noninvasive Stroke Volume Monitoring

Authors:  Hassan Yazdanian, Amin Mahnam, Mehdi Edrisi, Morteza Abdar Esfahani


Go to source (DOI)

Measurement of the stroke volume (SV) and its changes over time can be very helpful for diagnosis of dysfunctions in the blood circulatory system and monitoring their treatments. Impedance cardiography (ICG) is a simple method of measuring the SV based on changes in the instantaneous mean impedance of the thorax. This method has received much attention in the last two decades because it is noninvasive, easy to be used, and applicable for continuous monitoring of SV as well as other hemodynamic parameters. The aim of this study was to develop a low-cost portable ICG system with high accuracy for monitoring SV. The proposed wireless system uses a tetrapolar configuration to measure the impedance of the thorax at 50 kHz. The system consists of carefully designed precise voltage-controlled current source, biopotential recorder, and demodulator. The measured impedance was analyzed on a computer to determine SV. After evaluating the system’s electronic performance, its accuracy was assessed by comparing its measurements with the values obtained from Doppler echocardiography (DE) on 5 participants. The implemented ICG system can noninvasively provide a continuous measure of SV. The signal to noise ratio of the system was measured above 50 dB. The experiments revealed that a strong correlation (r = 0.89) exists between the measurements by the developed system and DE (P < 0.05). ICG as the sixth vital sign can be measured simply and reliably by the developed system, but more detailed validation studies should be conducted to evaluate the system performance. There is a good promise to upgrade the system to a commercial version domestically for clinical use in the future.